Biomass energy is an good option of source energy in rural area providing additional benefit of employment in rural area. It is also widely available and carbon neutral and 32% of primary energy comes from biomass in crude form. The sector attracts over Rs. 6000 million which is mostly used up in sugar mill.
The current availability of biomass in India is estimated at about 500 millions metric tones per year which used effectively could generate 18000 MW. The thermo chemical processes for conversion of biomass to useful products involve combustion, gasification or pyrolysis. The most commonly used route is combustion. The advantage is that the technology used is similar to that of a thermal plant based on coal, except for the boiler which could be designed to use multifuel
South Delhi Municipal Corporation is planning to set up a bio-gas plant of 150 tonne in Najafgarh in Delhi. Land required for the project is around two acres which is available in Goyala Dairy Road in Najafgarh zone. The biogas plant is likely to be implemented on build, operate and transfer (BOT) basis for a period of 10 years and can be extended upto five years. The project will be executed under the supervision of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
Superior Food Grains Pvt Ltd is planning to set up a 33 MW bagasse based cogeneration power plant in Shamla village in Unn Block in Kairana Tehsil in Shamli district of Uttar Pradesh. The project cost is estimated at Rs. 1672.7 million.