Biomass energy is an good option of source energy in rural area providing additional benefit of employment in rural area. It is also widely available and carbon neutral and 32% of primary energy comes from biomass in crude form. The sector attracts over Rs. 6000 million which is mostly used up in sugar mill.
The current availability of biomass in India is estimated at about 500 millions metric tones per year which used effectively could generate 18000 MW. The thermo chemical processes for conversion of biomass to useful products involve combustion, gasification or pyrolysis. The most commonly used route is combustion. The advantage is that the technology used is similar to that of a thermal plant based on coal, except for the boiler which could be designed to use multifuel
Canada's Biojet Supply Chain Initiative and Air Canada have put up a biofuel demonstration project through an innovative bio-fuel. Its airlines have used 230,000 liters of sustainable biofuel blended into the airport's multi-user fuel supply system to show the feasibility of biofuel use in shared fuelling systems Canadian airports. The demo plant has been conducted on Earth day to advance the use of low-carbon renewable fuels.
Haryana government has announced a new Haryana Bio-energy Policy 2018 to promote generation of energy from the surplus biomass in the state and a target has been set to achieve minimum 150 mw biomass based power generation by 2022. Currently, the state has surplus biomass availability of 8416 thousand tonnes which has tremendous potential for utilization of the crops residues to generate electricity, biogas, bio-CNG, bio-manure and bio-fuels. The move will also reduce crop burning which raises environmental concerns for all ready polluted cities of Delhi/Faridabad etc.,
According to new policy, biomass power plant can be set up in agriculture land besides panchayat land on rent/lease basis
It also provides exemption from Land use approval, External Development Char