Biomass is gathered from discarded materials of plants, living organism, trees and agricultural waste. These material contain good calorific value which can be used as fuel. The most common form of use is logs, pellets and wood waste. With some processing, biomass can be converted to a reliable fuel which can run modern engine.
The first generation of biomass fuel is usually sourced from starch, sugar and vegetable oil and produced through yeast fermentation. They are called bio-diesel or bio-alcohols. The second generation biofuels is produced by advanced extraction technology from lignocellulose feedstock . The process may involves thermo-chemical conversion or bio-chemical conversion. These second generation biomass fuel are produced from grass and specially cultivated
South Delhi Municipal Corporation is planning to set up a bio-gas plant of 150 tonne in Najafgarh in Delhi. Land required for the project is around two acres which is available in Goyala Dairy Road in Najafgarh zone. The biogas plant is likely to be implemented on build, operate and transfer (BOT) basis for a period of 10 years and can be extended upto five years. The project will be executed under the supervision of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.