Himachal Pradesh apple cultivation has been affected by climate change where temperature is rising over recent year in in apple growing area of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba, Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti. Efforts are being made to move cultivation of apple to higher altitudes has not met with much success. The state government is trying to bring new root-stocks from New Zealand and other improved varieties which can grow at these temperature. The state had earlier partnered New Zealand in a World Bank-funded project to boost production by importing rootstock from the island country. The apple economy is estimated to be around Rs 3,600 crore and the average production is seven to eight tonnes a hectare. In Australia, New Zealand, America and European countries, it is 60 to 70 tonnes a h
Pineapple (Ananas comosus, Bomeliaceae) one of the most important commercial fruit crops in the world is grown in abundance in India. However, it is not processed due to its non responsiveness to freezing, as it tends to develop off flavours and lose texture or crispiness. This fruit is highly perishable and seasonal making it better case for further processing. Processed pineapple is popular and is exported by many countries, where Brazil is a lead exporter. India, has excellent potential here and CFTRI (Central Food Technological Research Institute), Mysore, has developed technology for processing pineapple. Further, discarded pineapple waste from processing holds significant value in industrial processes like fermentation, bioactive component extraction. Currently, only 2.2% of the tot
India became the second largest producer of fruits in the world and it is behind China. In the year 2014-15 fruit production in China is 154.364 million tonnes (MT) in 2013 followed by India (82.631 MT), Brazil (37.774 MT), USA (26.986 MT), Spain (17.699 MT), Mexico (17.553 MT), Italy (16.371 MT) and Indonesia (16.003 MT).
India's success in horticulture lies in small towns and districts. In 2012-13, Chittoor and Anantapur in Andhra Pradesh, Baramula in Jammu and Kashmir, Nalgonda in Telangana, Sagar and Shahdol in Madhya Pradesh, Darjeeling in West Bengal and Pune, Aurangabad, Jalgaon and Sangli in Maharashtra had high growth and exports. Its productivity is still low and there is huge scope for improvement. Grape constitutes a large portion of Indian exports, followed by Banana and Ma