Cereals Food Grains
India holds the second place in agriculture production in the world after China. Cereals like rice, wheat and maize forms the sustenance of rural India. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. India is the second largest producer of rice after China and 40% of Indian cereal production is rice.
Rice (including Basmati and Non Basmati) occupy the major share in India's total cereals exports. Basmati is long grain aromatic rice grown for many centuries is famous around the world. It is grown in in the states of J & K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand and western Uttar Pradesh. Apart from Basmati rice, India also has around 10000 varieties of non-basmati rice and is the leading producer with exports around 71,00,000 metric ton
Karnataka is a geographically diverse state with narrow coastal plains has a rich ecosystem in western ghats. It also several rivers flowing out of western ghats like Netravati, Tunga, Bhadra giving them a fertile sloping plains which is conducive for several organic crops. It also has rich tradition of organic cultivation practiced over several centuries.
Knowing the potential, the state government has provided a map with Organic Policy way back in 2004 which was updated in the year 2017.
The government is keen to project the state as organic capital, with millet as key cereal to tap this potential.
It is set to conduct International Organics and Millets Trade Fair 2019 from January 18 to 20, 2019, as well as several road shows abroad to raise awareness and to market its brand K-Sourc
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has launched the improved variety, ICSR 14001 and the first bio fortified sorghum (jowar), with significantly higher iron and zinc than regular sorghum. This variety have about 30 ppm iron and 20 ppm zinc higher than normal varieties. The new variety also has higher protein (11.9 per cent) and low phytate content (4.14mg/100g) compared to 10 per cent protein and 7mg/100g phytates content in most sorghum cultivars. The grain was launched as Parbhani Shakti.