Indian Organic Chemicals Industry - Overview
Last Updated: 04-Mar-2015
Organic chemicals industry forms the backbone of chemical industry as it provides chemicals as intermediaries to other sectors of the industry like paints, adhesives, pharmaceuticals, dyestuffs and intermediates, leather chemicals, pesticides etc., Acetic acid, Methanol formaldehyde, pyridines, phenol, alkyl amines, ethyl acetate and acetic anhydride are the major organic chemicals produced in India. Formaldehyde and acetic acid are important methanol derivatives which are used in numerous industrial applications. Phenol is an aromatic compound and derived from cumene, benzene and propylene derivatives. Alkyl amines are used in the manufacture of surfactants. Pyridine derivatives are used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Ethyl acetate is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid and is manufactured for use as a solvent. Acetic anhydride is widely used as a reagent. Natural gas/ naphtha are mainly used as feedstock for the manufacture of these organic chemicals. Alcohol is also an important feedstock for the industry, with sizable production of acetic acid and entire production of ethyl acetate being based on alcohol. Global production of organic chemicals was estimated at 420 million tonnes. Major producers of organic chemicals are USA, Germany, U.K, Japan, China and India. Few Latin American countries, for example Brazil and Chile are venturing into global trade. Six major chemicals produced in India are Methanol, Aniline, Alkyle Amines and its derivatives like Formaldehyde, Acetic Acid and Phenol, contributing to nearly 2/3rd of Indian basic organic chemical industry. The balance 1/3rd of the organic chemical consumption in the country is accounted for by other wide variety of chemicals.